August 23-27, 1995, Minn. MN
It seems that many learners didn't quite understand the exact nature of this seminar. Even I, who tries to read the packet at least three weeks before I attend, missed certain points. Perhaps a Patton's Seminar Index (modeled on Harper's Index) will help prevent future misunderstandings:
Patton's Seminar Index Research Sophistication: Basic Previous Methodology Background Required: None Time Spent on Statistics: 1 hour "Credits" Given: 0 Number of Videos Shown: 2 Number of Dr. Seuss Texts Used: 6 Biblical Reference: Book of Daniel Key Phrase: "It depends" Hardness of Chairs on 0 (soft) to 10 (hard): Scale: 11 Mean Difference Between Outdoor Temp and Classroom Temp: -15° F Total Number of Surveys and Evaluations You Will Fill Out: 3 Chance You'll See Someone You Know: 4:5 Hours Learners Spend Discussing Structure: 0
Percent of Time Convener Starts on Time: 100
Which of the following networking tools did you utilize
during THIS seminar:
__ List of learners for this seminar
__ Learner information on the wall
__ meal times
__ restroom chats
__ small group activities
Another reflection: What does it mean when "research" doesn't
match my experiences? I raised this issue at the seminar by asking Michael
if research done so far has not confirmed NLP then should I return to fearing
swimming and driving? Should I call my clients and tell them to return to
their addictions, frigidities and phobias?
Michael said the research seems to show more of an effect of the personal presence of the practitioner than for any of the techniques. Now I disagree with the research. This draws me back to my family of origin. When my parents or adults tried to tell me my feelings or talk me out of them I did not cave in. My experiences count to me. I believe in them. I change my beliefs but via my own new experiences.
While I studied NLP the first research I saw used college students and the researchers themselves had a limited and narrow view of what NLP entails. Some had only read articles. This is like someone without medical training reading about heart surgery and inviting their spouse to permit him or her to try it to see if it really can be done.
When I plunked down my cash at the beginning of my NLP training in 1979 I felt that if I waited until the research caught up to it (or for it to be well taught in respected/accredited institutions) I'd lose 5 to 10 years. Having urgent personal and professional problems to solve I lacked the time to wait.
Good thing. until I can get around to doing the research myself I'll have to rely on my experience.
Similarly I have experienced first hand parapsychology experiments by volunteering to be a subject. With my girlfriend I volunteered to try to send and receive telepathic thoughts. Again, my direct experience confirmed that telepathy had taken place.
Some researchers might expend great energy questioning the experimental design —the relative culpability of the researchers (I feel this is a cheap shot. No other researcher has to discuss their state of mind), pure chance, etc. I feel from direct experience that my girlfriend had telepathically sent an image which I telepathically received.
I was introduced to a special room which contained a comfortable chair. To block out distracting light, I put cups over my eyes which resembled to me ping pong balls cut in half. The researcher dimmed the light in the room and turned on a white noise making machine. The researcher then left me in the room alone, and closed the door.
In a separate room my partner was handed an envelope containing a photograph. The researcher did not know which photograph she had been given. My partner relaxed and telepathically sent the image on the photograph to me.
As I sat relaxed, I began to experience a blinding white light—my body began to sweat in some places and chill in others. When shown 3 photos I (without my girlfriend present) immediately picked the lone mountain climber bundled against the cold surrounded by vast expanses of snow with a blazing sun overhead. Bullseye!
Michael put the fear of litigation in us Sunday morning by reviewing the basics of human subject research and the zero protections researchers have under current law. Courts can subpoena records and fieldnotes and find researchers in contempt for non-compliance. As I am pursuing research in tobacco control this particularly got my attentions. The tobacco industry regularly uses the courts as tool for discovering our plans, inhibiting political debate and intimidating people who challenge them.
The Ideology of Research
As a part of my internship involving a project to reduce infant mortality among African and Native American people in Seattle I have re-visited the Tuskegee Syphilis Studies conducted by the Public Health Service from 1932 to 1972. This study continues to have great impact on decisions blacks make about health care. It has fueled conspiracy theories about the origins and spread of AIDS in communities of color. The importance of making and continuing to review the social meaning of our work could never be more relevant.
Right in Minneapolis, the Illusion Theater, Urban Coalition and The Center for Biomedical Ethics at the University of Minnesota sponsored two major conferences in 1991 and 1992 on "Race, Prejudice and Health Care: The Lessons of The Tuskegee Syphilis Experiment." Jay Katz of Yale University underscored the values researchers uphold which, without public discussion and in combination, contributed to the tragic decisions which launched and sustained the Tuskegee experiments. Nothing stopped the experiments, neither the PHS's own projects to prevent syphilis in the late 1930's (Macon County, Alabama was avoided in the campaign), nor the enlistment effort for the Korean War (the Selective Service board consented to give the 400 men in the study 4-F draft status) nor the discovery in 1945 that penicillin effectively treated syphilis in all its stages.
What values do researchers hold which helped them ignore the humanity of their "patients" who were providing "data" for their experiments? Katz listed these: disenfranchised "patients" who researchers might see as both "ignorant blacks" and "ignorant patients." This made it easy not to consult them.
Scientists overly emphasize their "noble dedication to the search for truth which brooks not interference. This is safeguarded by another scientific principle, freedom of scientific inquiry." Scientist believe they are neutral and the value of their efforts stand on their own. Katz concluded that the voluntary consent of human subjects is absolutely essential. I would add that the re-connecting of researchers into the web of relatedness and common fellowship, and shared destiny, with all the other humans and species we share our planet with holds equal priority. Particularly since many research projects, like Tuskegee, prey on the already ill-served, poor, and disenfranchised. How much can we say consent is fully and freely given when the fees for participating may help feed oneself or one's family?
In summary, this seminar has shown me how to use the tools of research to advance my academic and career goals. But research trails behind intuition and experience and creativity and accident. After someone risks exposing an idea or sharing a possible discovery, research builds a map to explain it. As a researcher, this seminar helped me better understand my triple commitments to knowledge, to people, and my own experience. But research forever remains a map and no map can ever fully approximate the variety and complexity of life.
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